Round Up & Deportations

The purpose of the the next lesson in the course is to briefly introduce students to the concept of deportations and rail transport during the Holocaust.  Although in some cases, individuals were transported via train to the ghettos, most students have the association of train transport as a method of travel to the camps; thus, I have placed the lesson at this point in the course.  Additionally, it is important to note that not all individuals were transported in the same manner in every situation but that this lesson simply explores the experience that most camp victims had during the Holocaust.  The lesson utilizes testimony from USHMM, as well as an excerpt from Elie Wiesel's work, Night, and an excerpt from the film, Misa's Fugue.  At the conclusion of this lesson, students are given a quiz.  The lessons are designed for an 86-minute block schedule.  Materials listed are only those materials I am sharing below, not all of the nuts and bolts (computer, projectors etc.) necessary to make the lesson work.


Core Lesson Concept:  The lesson begins with students sharing their preconceptions about the transportation utilized to move the victims to concentration and death camps.  By this level, most students commonly associate trains with this transport and the ensuing discussion can allow the educator to pinpoint that while this was the primary method, other methods of transportation (truck, foot, passenger rail etc.) were occasionally utilized.  The lesson then leads students through an interactive lecture that utilizes testimonies from USHMM's core collection, as well as the new temporary exhibit "Some Were Neighbors".  Students also examine the segment of "Night" during which Wiesel discusses their transport from the ghetto to Auschwitz-Birkenau and they compare/contrast this experience to the segment of Misa's Fugue in which Frank Grunwald shares his experience being transported from Terezin to Auschwitz-Birkenau.  Students then reflect on the piece of testimony that impacted them the most before closing out the lesson with a quiz.


Additional Materials: